What is Individual Retirement Account (IRA) and It's Benefits

An individual retirement account (IRA) is a tax-advantaged investment account that is designed to help individuals save for retirement.

There are two types of IRAs: traditional and Roth. Traditional IRAs allow you to contribute pre-tax dollars and pay taxes on your contributions and earnings when you withdraw the money in retirement. Roth IRAs, on the other hand, allow you to contribute after-tax dollars and withdraw the money tax-free in retirement.

Both traditional and Roth IRAs have annual contribution limits set by the IRS, and the maximum contribution amount can vary based on your age and income level.

IRAs offer a wide range of investment options, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Contributions to traditional IRAs may be tax-deductible, which can lower your taxable income for the year in which you make the contribution.

One of the main benefits of IRAs is that they offer tax-deferred growth, meaning that you won't pay taxes on any investment gains until you withdraw the money from the account.

IRAs also offer flexibility in terms of when you can withdraw your money. While there are penalties for early withdrawals before the age of 59 ½, there are exceptions for certain circumstances, such as medical expenses or purchasing a first home.

IRAs can be a good option for self-employed individuals, as they offer additional contribution options through simplified employee pension (SEP) IRAs and solo 401(k) plans.

Unlike 401(k) plans, IRAs do not require an employer to set up and manage the account. This means that individuals have more control over their retirement savings.