What's the Difference between Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR)?

What’s the Difference between Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR)?

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by Richard Gall — 4 months ago in Artificial Intelligence 3 min. read
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The phrases “virtual reality” and “augmented reality” get thrown around a good deal. VR headsets, like the Oculus Quest or Valve Index, and AR programs and games, for example Pokemon Proceed , are still popular. They seem similar, and as the technologies develop, they bleed into each other just a little. But they are two different theories, with attributes that easily differentiate one from another.

What Is Virtual Reality?

VR headsets completely take over your eyesight to supply you with the impression that you are someplace else. If you place them on when they are turned off, then you may think you are blindfolded.


If the headphones turn on, nevertheless, the LCD or OLED panels indoors are refracted from the lenses to fulfill the field of vision with anything has been exhibited. It may be a sport, a 360-degree movie, or merely the digital area of these programs’ interfaces. Visually, you are taken to where the headset would like you to proceed –the external world is substituted with an electronic one.

That technology comes courtesy of external detectors or cameras (for the Indicator and PS VR) or even outward-facing cameras (such as the Quest two ). This usually means the headsets do not just find the direction where you are confronting, but any motion you make in these instructions.

This, along with 6DOF motion controls, enables you to maneuver around in a digital space, together with virtual palms on. This distance is generally restricted to a few square meters round, but it is a whole lot more immersive than simply standing and looking in various directions.

The downside is that you will need to take care not to trip over any cable which connect the headset to your personal computer or game program.

For both games and programs, virtual reality supersedes your environment, taking you to other areas. Where you’re physically does not matter. In matches, you may sit in the cockpit of a starfighter. In programs, you could virtually tour remote places as though you were not there. There are a lot of chances in VR, and all of them involve replacing everything around you using some thing different.
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What Is Augmented Reality?

AR apparatus, like the Microsoft HoloLens and assorted enterprise-level” smart eyeglasses,” are transparent, permitting you to view everything in front of you as though you’re wearing a weak pair of shades.

The technology is made for free motion, while projecting graphics over anything you look at. The idea goes to smartphones using AR programs and matches, like Pokemon Proceed, which utilize your phone’s camera to keep track of your environment and overlay additional details in addition to it, onto the monitor.

AR screens can provide something as straightforward as a data overlay that shows the moment, to something as complex as holograms floating in the midst of a space. Pokemon Move projects a Pokemon in your screen, along with whatever the camera is considering.

The HoloLens along with other smart eyeglasses, meanwhile, allow you almost place floating program windows and 3D decorations round you.

While VR fully simplifies and covers your area of vision, AR apps just appear in your smartphone or tablet display, and also the HoloLens can simply project pictures in a restricted area before your eyes. It is not quite immersive when a hologram disappears once it moves from a rectangle in the center of your eyesight, or whenever you have to stare at a little screen whilst pretending that the thing on that display is facing you.

Fundamental AR which overlays easy information over what you are considering can operate perfectly good with 3DOF. But most AR applications require 6DOF in certain form, monitoring your bodily location so the program can maintain constant positions to the images it jobs in 3D space.

That is the reason why the HoloLens utilizes a touchscreen and advanced pattern recognition to ascertain where it’s constantly, and even more sophisticated, AR-centric tablets utilize several rear-facing cameras to monitor thickness.

Augmented reality has almost limitless possibilities. Phone-based AR applications has been comprehending environment and providing additional details about that which it sees for many years now, offering live translation of pop-up or text reviews of restaurants because you examine them.

Committed AR cans, like the HoloLens, may do much more, allowing you almost place various programs as floating windows round you. They effectively provide you with a modular, multi-monitor, computing installation.


At present, AR is just broadly accessible on smartphones, also does not have the vision-augmenting facet of enterprise-level AR displays. This implies AR is still quite restricted, until a user AR headset is published.
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The Difference Between AR and VR

Virtual reality and augmented reality reach two quite different things in two quite different ways, despite their apparatus’ similar layouts. VR replaces reality, taking you someplace else. AR adds to fact, casting advice along with what you are already viewing.

They are both powerful technologies which have yet to make their mark with customers, but reveal a great deal of promise. They could totally change how we use computers in the long run, but if both or one will triumph is anybody’s guess at this time.

Richard Gall

Richard is senior editor of The Next Tech. He studied International Communication Management at the Hague University of Applied Sciences.

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