What is a leg ulcer
A leg ulcer is simply a pause in the skin of the leg, which allows air and bacteria to pass into the underlying tissue. It is usually caused by an injury, often a minor that breaks the skin.
In most people, such an injury will heal in a week or two without difficulty. However, the skin does not heal when there is an underlying problem and the area of rupture may increase in size. It is a chronic leg ulcer.
One that subsequently fails to heal spontaneously, Ulcers are breaks in the layers of the skin. They may be accompanied by inflammation. Sometimes the failure to resolve becomes long-term. This is known as Chronic Ulceration.
We shall limit this discussion to leg and leg ulcers, while ulcers can occur anywhere.
For the patient as well as being painful, unsightly and notoriously difficult to treat as Leg ulcers are a very serious condition that can be both soul destroying and this is the reason they are recommended to wear edema boots slippers.
Leg care is an important part of diabetes management as people with diabetes are at special risk of developing leg ulcers.
The Causes of Leg Ulceration?
The poor blood circulation within the legs causes chronic leg ulceration. Arterial and Venous Leg Ulcers are what they are. However, for that poor circulation, there are a range of causes. These include causes of leg Ulcer:
hypertension (high blood pressure)
Increased pressure in the legs.
Injuries – termed ‘Traumatic Ulcers’
Diabetes – Pressure ulcers are caused due to the combination of loss of sensation due to nerve damage and reduced blood circulation.
Certain skin conditions and Tumors
Resulting from a reduced rate of circulation the vascular diseases; including stroke, angina, heart attack take place.
Infections, which hamper the body’s own repair pathways.
Arterial Leg Ulcers.
10 percent of all incidences of leg ulceration is what these accounts to. With the pain increasing when the legs are elevated or at rest, they can be painful. With a bluish-white, shiny, appearance, the patent’s legs and feet often feel cold to the touch.
Pain is often alleviated by allowing gravity to improve the flow of blood to the legs, by sitting on the edge of a chair or bed with feet on the floor
The major cause for arterial leg ulcers is narrowing of the arteries – called ‘Atherosclerosis’ and the best way to overcome this is by wearing men’s edema slippers.
The following are the risk factors involved here:
As a result of atherosclerosis, people with arterial leg ulcerations often suffer from intermittent claudication. As a result of inadequate blood supply, this is cramp-like pains in the legs when walking.
Diabetes and Leg Ulcers
Within the lower limb, Diabetes can result in damage to the nerve endings as well as arteriosclerosis. This can have a twofold impact on ulceration: First, trauma to the limbs becomes more likely due to the lack of sensation, and second, since no pain is felt, the injuries can go untreated and chronic ulceration as an outcome.
Prevent arterial leg ulcers by wearing edema shoes near me. You now have some preventative options:
To reduce many of the risk factors shown above, stopping smoking, reducing weight and fat intake and increasing exercise can act pretty well.
And, for those suffering from Diabetes, continued health-care monitoring to identify ulcer formation and other health complications as soon as possible and ensure early preventative treatment.
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Accounting for approximately 70 percent of all leg ulcers, Venous leg ulcers represent by far the largest group of ulcer cases.
With dry, itchy, sometimes brown, skin surrounding the ulcer, the sufferer presents with a swollen leg. Although it can look raw, is often painless unless there is associated infection, the ulcer may be weeping but Eczema is a common complication.
On the inside of the leg, above the ankle, venous leg ulcers are common.
The failure of the valves connecting the superficial and deep veins is the most common cause of venous leg ulcers. From where it is pumped out of the leg, these valves are designed to ensure flow of blood from the superficial to the deep veins.
Leading to the formation of varicose veins, from the deep veins back out to the superficial ones the blood flows out due to the valve failure.
Venous leg ulcers are treated in two ways:
The main points of treatment are compression banding or stockings and limb height:
Elevation of the limb
The higher the leg, the lower the pressure in the leg veins. If the foot is raised above the heart, the pressure in the foot drops to a normal level. Keep your feet up whenever you can and as long as you are able — the arm of the couch is good. Lift the lower end of your bed (6 inches or so) so that when in the bed your feet are slightly higher than your head. You can use some old books for this.
Venous leg ulcers can be worsened due to a range of predisposing factors. These include:
Trauma or Surgery
Especially movement of the calf muscles, weight reduction and reduced fat intake, prevention of leg ulcers is best achieved by increased exercise.
After medical approval, support stockings (Compression Hosiery) may be useful. Compression Hosiery is avoided in arterial leg ulcers as it can further restrict the amount of blood reaching the extremity so people are usually recommended to wear diabetic edema shoes.
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The appearance and location of the ulcer is usually sufficient to determine the type of ulceration involved.
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