We are on the one side locked down, exiled from our homes, can’t meet our friends face-to-face, and close to becoming isolated. We could also experience the greatest digital acceleration.
Data professionals are at the forefront of this revolution. You must be able to maintain your technical progress and technical proficiency, but it is equally important that you don’t lose sight of the bigger picture. You need to be aware of the current technology trends and their impact on your work. You must set the course now to ensure your relevance in the future of data science, machine learning, and AI.
This applies to both entry-level and experienced practitioners.
In 2020, the digital revolution is being reflected in the upcoming trends. That is my opinion.
One of the most reliable sources for technology trends is Gartner.
Because their opinion is mostly congruent with my personal expectation, I take the Gartner Top Strategic Technology Trends for 2021 as the basis for this article. Gartner lists nine Top Strategic Technology Trends in 2021, grouped under three themes.
In my opinion, these trends will shape the next decade to 2030.
In this writing, I give you:
- A summary of each Gartner Top Strategic Technology Trend for 2021
- My opinion on how each impacts your work and career
- My advice on what action you should take now
You will never have all the skills required for every trend. You must decide which direction you want to go. You may be working in the area already and are looking to advance your career, or you might choose to focus on a particular trend.
How do you choose a trend?
Let me suggest that you consider the following four criteria: Your technical background, your interests, job availability in the location you prefer, and the time it takes to move to that area. These should be evaluated and you can then pick one or two trends to focus on and take the appropriate action.
The First block of trends The following applies to you: people centricity field. We all have noticed that people are more critical than ever in the past few months, despite digitalization disruptions.
We are the center of all work, interactions, business, data, and decisions. All things became interconnected, and they will remain connected with people.
1. Internet of Behaviors
What is it: Gartner? “The Internet of Behaviors, (IoB), captures “digital dust”, which is information about people’s lives that can be used to influence their behavior by public and private entities.”It’s data from all sources that people use to interact in public and commercial ways on social media. This is what makes advanced insights possible. Information is a powerful tool for influencing and nudging our behavior.
My opinion about the impact: This is a major driver of our work. Data scientists, machine learning engineers, AI specialists, and data scientists are in high demand. They are responsible for bringing together all the data and extracting the relevant information. It is difficult to find the right people with the necessary skills and knowledge.
I am currently working on a report about this topic for my day-to-day job. I have had over 60 interviews with corporates and tech companies around the world.
Technology and data are not standard. While corporations launch their first behavioral-driven products in corporate settings, the capabilities of a small number of employees within a company are limited.
There are many people needed in the different industries. These include data scientists and engineers, product designers, strategists, lawyers, coaches for consumers, and behavioral economists. This field is still in its early stages and will be a dominant business model over the next ten years.
My action plan This is a great area to work if you are looking for a long-term job that will be secure. This is a great entry topic for data scientists and engineers as well as people who don’t have any technical knowledge.
You will be able to bring together a large amount of non-standardized data, as well as signal and image processing and natural language processing in real-time. Learn about data privacy and behavioral economics to become an Internet of Things expert.
2. Total experience strategy
What is it: Gartner describesTotal experience as the combination “Of traditionally siloed discipline like multi-experience (MX), customer service (CX) and employee experience (EX), and links them together to create a better overall user experience for all.”
This streamlines and optimizes the experience we’ve had over the past month’s thanks to COVID-19. It has eliminated the traditional division of work, home, and shopping. You can work from home and combine all of them.
My opinion about the impact: It has a huge impact on our work, and our career. It will no longer be possible to call yourself “a customer analytics data scientist”, “a user experience designer,” or “a business person,” as these areas merge and multidisciplinary teams are the new standard.
As people expect the best experience, the work of data scientists and the methods required to deliver it becomes more complicated. You need to have more technical skills. You must also be more generalist. This is a difficult path.
What’s my advice? Acquire new skills. Technically, learn advanced techniques like knowledge graphs and big data processing, sparse presentation, recommendation analytics, computer vision, and sparse representation.
You should also improve your communication and business skills. It will help you advance your career as a data scientist and machine learning expert. This includes speechwriting, data visualization, and storytelling.
3. Security improving the calculation
What it is: Privacy-improving calculation is tied in with protecting data while utilizing and handling it. There are three sorts of advancements: a protected and confided in climate, including confided in equipment, secure handling, and the anonymization and encryption of the data before utilizing it.
Having the data constantly prepared for security upgrading registering is an undeniably sought-after want and a necessity for organizations and associations.
My assessment on the effect: The occasions where you as a data scientist can simply work with data are progressively finished, not just on account of exacting guidelines you have, e.g., in the EU, California, or China.
It turns into a best practice in organizations and an upper hand. I have a few conversations each week about the advancements and strategies behind that. Most areas and organizations work on them, and it will be the new norm for all data science and AI work and the calling.
My guidance for activity: There are three choices for your vocation, and the comparing activities: 1) As an overall data scientist and data master, you need essentially the overall information on the guideline, best practice, and data security and encryption strategies.
Procure that information. 2) With the interest for such innovation, such specialists’ interest develops dramatically, and the market has effectively insufficient such specialists. On Indeed.com or LinkedIn Jobs, you can secure a few thousand positions in that field that requires a specialized foundation.
Practice as a data scientist around there. Secure abilities in combined AI, protection mindful AI, differential security, homomorphic encryption, and manufactured data age.
Due to the tremendous interest for such individuals, a lot of section-level positions and temporary jobs are accessible that organizations can cover their requirements. 3) For all non-specialized individuals, there are different positions in that field that arrange with the administrative side and gives the chance to enter the data innovation field. Look where you fit best and move into that field and foster your vocation throughout the following years.
The subsequent topic is area autonomy. Coronavirus decentralized the activities to the areas where clients, workers, providers, and an authoritative environment actually exist, associated with innovation.
That requires an innovation that upholds this better approach for business, markets, and living. Organizations and the public area have overhauled the frameworks during the last months and keep on doing as such.
4. Dispersed cloud
What it is: Distributed cloud not just means utilizing cloud choices on various actual areas however pushing the executions to the places of need. With the forthcoming 5G and new chip innovation, execution is moved to the organization’s edges, the supposed portable edge processing.
The rising reception of the Internet of Things inclinations dispersed administrations, and keen urban areas call for metro-region local area mists, i.e., the “conveyance of cloud administrations into hubs in a city or metro region interfacing with various clients.”
My assessment on the effect: The dispersed cloud is the future, and the innovation has arrived at an excellent, secure, and helpful possibility state.
Be that as it may, we stop toward the start of the appropriation, and during the following 10 years, all ventures and public areas move to the circulated cloud.
The effect is that the entire data science work is moving completely into circulated cloud arrangements, however the execution needs refined AI calculations. In this way, the impact is twofold: how data scientists work and their commitment that it works adequately.
My guidance for activity: Again, there are two freedoms for activity. 1) Pushing the execution to the edges needs new specialized abilities. TinyML — small AI to make profound learning conceivable at the edges, and mechanized AI (AutoML) to viably keep up with the frameworks are vital abilities. Further, something like one cloud-related declaration track of AWS, Azure, and Google is an absolute necessity.
2) But you can likewise think about a lifelong change. Many cloud-based tech organizations as of late had their IPOs or will have them. On LinkedIn, you discover more than 20’000 open positions for cloud modelers in the U.S. what’s more, more than 10’000 in Europe.
As indicated by Payscale, the normal Cloud Architect compensation is 127k, contrasted with 96k of a data scientist. In this way, moving into a cloud designer and specialist vocation is the subsequent choice.
Also, once more, there is an absence of these abilities on the lookout. Individuals without an innovation foundation would now be able to make a move to put resources into their abilities and move into this field. I give the assets for learning toward the finish of this article.
5. Anyplace tasks
What it is: Gartner portrays it as “Anyplace activities alludes to an IT working model intended to help clients all over, empower representatives all over and deal with the organization of business administrations across disseminated foundation. The model for anyplace activities is “computerized first, distant first.”
But it’s difficult working distantly. It is a consistent and adaptable experience, giving workstream coordinated effort shrewd work areas, secure far-off access, conveyed cloud, and robotization of help — a brilliant activities experience.
My assessment on the effect: Data scientists will essentially be clients of such foundation, yet that permits them to work in a powerful community-oriented group free of the actual area. It tallies less your area accessibility yet the abilities that you bring into an organization and a group.
That additionally implies, from one viewpoint, that your work rivals are currently worldwide. On the opposite side, the chances for you are worldwide, as well. What’s more, as long there is an overall absence of these abilities, I question that this will prompt tension on the compensation. Ability-based employing — in fact, and non-actually — will acquire significance.
My guidance for activity: You need to situate yourself on the lookout for explicit abilities of interest. That can be realizing sure progressed techniques like PC vision, TinyML, applications for a specific industry, an extra programming language like Go or Rust, or involvement with uncommon subjects like logical AI, joined with correspondence and show abilities.
By developing your image and go about as your business person, you get achievement and opportunity in the work market. As of now today, driving specialists are drawn nearer and employed dependent on their portfolio on GitHub and not on specialized meetings. I foresee that this turns into the future norm.
Thus, other than turning into a business person, begin to develop your portfolio on GitHub, where you show your commitments to explicit themes. You don’t should be as of now a specialist. No, beginners must beginning dealing with your image and foster it over the long run. That opens up another chance to enter this work market with a totally unique foundation, or for ladies who need to move into that field.
6. Network protection network
What it is: “The network safety network is a disseminated compositional way to deal with adaptable, adaptable and dependable online protection control. Coronavirus has sped up a current pattern wherein most resources and gadgets are presently situated external conventional physical and legitimate security boundaries.
The network protection network empowers someone or something to safely access and utilize any computerized resource, regardless of where either is found while giving the vital degree of safety.”
My assessment on the effect: Like the pattern previously, it empowers data scientists and AI designers to work safely from anyplace. In this way, the impact is equivalent to previously.
My guidance for activity: The activities are equivalent to in pattern no. 5 anyplace tasks. Additionally, it opens the opportunity for lifelong change. Network safety specialists are popular. On Indeed.com, more than 20’000 open positions are found in the U.S., of which 2’000 far off positions, and a considerable lot of them on passage level or temporary job for individuals with no comparing foundation.
As indicated by PayScale, the normal compensation of a network protection master is 90k. I realize that isn’t straightforwardly identified with data science work. However, it opens up a passage point. Increasingly more AI calculations have become a coordinated piece of online protection.
A colleague with a foundation in financial matters and administrative undertakings does in corresponding to his work and on his own speed the online expert in network protection at Georgia Tech, zeroing in on the coordination of examination and AI. He is utilizing it to move into the data innovation field.
The last square is called tough conveyance. Flexibility signifies “the capacity of a substance to get back to its typical shape subsequent to being bowed, extended, or squeezed.” While organizations zeroed in the previous years on streamlined, productive tasks, COVID-19, and the current downturn hit them hard in their delicate cycles. Thus, innovation-driven flexibility is the new concentration to recuperate quick.
7. Clever composable business
What it is: While modifying the business and cycles, a plan that empowers better admittance to data, increases it with new bits of knowledge, is composable, measured, and can change and react all the more rapidly to choices and disturbance is required; an alleged wise composable business. The attention is on the self-rule of dynamic, the democratization of uses, and business capacities. The pliancy of an organization is vital.
My assessment on the effect: That depiction of the pattern is somewhat unique. My translation is the accompanying: During periods of progress, individuals and associations should be empowered to make continuous, applicable, and relevant business choices.
That is impossible any longer with concentrated chiefs. With pertinent data and bits of knowledge, the choices should be made decentralized, and almost at the same time, the capacities should adjust to execute them. In this way, individuals in an association should be enabled for that.
The effect will be that everyone in the associations ought to be a resident data scientist, “an individual who makes or produces models that utilization progressed indicative investigation or prescient and prescriptive abilities, however, whose essential occupation work is outside the field of measurements and examination.” On the one hand, individuals from outside of the old-style data science tracks enter and play out these errands along with a ton of robotization.
Then again, data scientists need an unmistakable separating profile to be perceived as specialists to create and carry out cutting edge applications.
The data science start to finish interaction will be more divided via robotization, resident data scientists, and particular data scientists. Business choices and correspondences abilities of the data scientist become more basic than any other time in recent memory.
My guidance for activity: Data science computerization will develop. Thus, you as a data scientist, ensure with instruction ahead of time subjects that you stay significant.
Start with cutting-edge preparing now, and accomplish particularly cloud-related testaments or specializations. Resident data scientists will perform mid-level complex assignments. Likewise, get prepared in business dynamics and correspondence.
Second, for not yet data science individuals, it opens up numerous passage openings. You should begin with data science establishment training and sound business examination abilities. You don’t should be a coding master however ought to have the option to work with devices like R or Tableau.
8. Artificial intelligence designing
What it is: According to Gartner, the exhibition, adaptability, interpretability, and unwavering quality of AI models need vigorous AI designing. “Without AI designing, most associations will neglect to move AI projects past confirmations of idea and models to full-scale creation.”
The three mainstays of AI designing are DataOps, ModelOps, and DevOps. DevOps manages high-velocity code changes, however AI projects experience dynamic changes in code, models, and data, and all should be improved. Associations should apply DevOps standards across the data pipeline and the AI model pipeline.
My assessment on the effect: Currently, still 80–85% of AI projects don’t convey the planned result. Along these lines, this is a pattern where neither the organizations nor you do have some other decision. It is an unquestionable requirement. Fruitful tech organizations are now working with this mentality. All others need that, as well, to remain significant.
My guidance for activity: My recommendation is compact: learn it. Apply it. What’s more, utilize all the comparing efficiency devices that are related to it.
One final word: DevOps, DataOps, ModelOps, and MLOps are not a device, not an innovation, not a system, and not a philosophy. It is a way, a mentality, a culture, a way of thinking of working, and in particular, learning. Remember that consistently.
What it is: Gartner says that “hyper-automation is an interaction wherein organizations robotize whatever number business and IT measures as could reasonably be expected utilizing instruments like Artificial Intelligence, AI, occasion driven programming, mechanical cycle computerization, and different sorts of choice interaction and undertaking robotization apparatuses.
” The start to finish digitalization guarantees consistent far off fill in as well as advanced functional greatness and functional flexibility.
My assessment on the effect: More and more organizations move to data-driven plans of action with the requirement for a quick response to the market and clients.
The organizations are now dealing with it. Reasons: speed to showcase, upper hands, absence of assets like data scientists, and the conditions on them. Hyperautomation moves the undertakings of data scientists.
They move from low-level business examination and data examiner work to robotization and result in situated assignments. Your obligations incorporate start to finish (quality) controlling and oversight, working with computerization instruments, full reconciliation into business measures, and giving comparing AI and AI support.
My guidance for activity: This pattern expects you to foster your abilities in two ways. Get to know start to finish stages (KDnuggets has a synopsis of Gartner’s Magic Quadrant), working systems (see over no. 8), and programming dialects like C/C++, Java, Go, Rust, and so forth Python isn’t a language for hyper-automation.
Second, comprehend the business side, what drives client experience, and figure out how to do “oversight” rather than as it were “execution.” You will be the “air traffic regulator,” not the pilot.
Connecting the Dots
Data science, machine learning and AI are booming at the moment. These experts are essential for any technology trend. These trends will be around for at least 10 years and provide job security. There were never more options for your career.
This is the ideal time to get into data science. This will increase the shortage of skilled workers in the job market. Employers will adopt more internship and entry-level hiring strategies, and also educate their employees internally. This is an opportunity for both technical and non-technical individuals who are willing to make investments in their skills to get into the data technology industry.
My suggestion for action:
#1:Based on these criteria, choose one or two trends that you are most interested in based on your technical background, your interest, the job availability in the location of your choice, and your time investment to get into the area.
#2: Learn new skills. Section F and G contain data and data engineering training. Section H contains big data and cloud resources, while section J contains productivity tools. Section L contains business and communication skills educations. The sections M, Q and R contain advanced topics. Section H includes Big Data and cloud resources. Section J has productivity tools.
People who are not technical and want to move into this field can start by reading about the topics and watching videos on YouTube. This will help them get to grips with the terminology and methods. To build your brand and get into this field, you don’t need to be an expert on these topics.
#3Start building your brand in your chosen niches by becoming your own entrepreneur. Technical people can build and expand their GitHub account.
Both technical and non-technical individuals can create blogs, articles and give presentations. You could also start this activity in your community. For kids? For those over 50 Single mothers to offer them career opportunities? Meetups? People with a non-technical background want to get into this field.
It doesn’t take 10+ year of experience to become an expert in this field. A solid understanding of the subject, self-reflection to ensure you aren’t overselling yourself, honesty about your knowledge and curiosity are all necessary.
#4It is possible to apply it. You can either apply it to your current job or search for a position that allows you to use it. Do an internship. Offer courses. Part-time remote work. These skills are in great demand on the job market, so there are many options to get started.