These top 7 programming languages are used by most of the world’s best-known websites. Programming languages (also known as computer languages) are programs that allow programmers to communicate with computers. It’s a set of instructions in any language (C(C), C++, Java, and Python) that are used to accomplish a particular task. Programming languages are used primarily to create desktop, mobile, and web applications.
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Java, the first language to make a significant global impact, was created in 1991 by Mike Sheridan and James Gosling. Although the new programming language was based on the same format as C/C++++, it had some new ideas that made it more attractive to more people. Java works on the principle “Write Once, Run Anywhere”, which means that Java programs can be run on any system with different hardware or OS configurations.
Java has many libraries and frameworks that use Java under the hood. Java is used to develop apps through Spring and Hibernate. JUnit allows us to set up unit testing for Java projects.
Java is used to develop native Android apps. The Android SDK itself is powered by the Java Development Kit (or the JDK). Java is the language most people learned in an introductory course to computer programming in school or college. Java is used to teach object-oriented programming to the masses.
Java is highly valued in the fields of research and analytics. Java has a few problems. There are not many support packages or projects. It doesn’t have the same level of community involvement as other mainstream languages. Java is an easy language to learn, which partly explains its popularity. It does take time to master the language.
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Guido van Rossum, a Dutch engineer who built Python in the 1980s, was the one who created it. Python was initially created to be a rival for Java in the industry. However, it slowly gained popularity.
Python is gaining immense popularity in both the research and development community. With a score of 100, Python is at the top of IEEE Spectrum’s language rankings. Python commands respect, with a support rate of 44.1%.
Python can be used for almost anything. Django and Flask can be used to develop web pages, while Jupyter or Spyder can be used for research and analysis. Selenium is a great tool for automation!
Python is probably the most popular language for machine learning and data science. Although there are many languages, such as R and MATLAB, Python is the most popular in the data science area.
The majority of machine learning frameworks and libraries are written in Python. This makes it the most popular language for learning about data science (or machine learning in general).
C++ is perhaps the most surprising answer that you can find in this article. Although C++ is the language most people use to learn data structures and algorithms concepts, it has little practical application in the real world. C++ was first created in 1982 by Bjarne Stroustrup to extend the C programming language. It remained popular for many years.
C++ is used in research, analytics, and in-game development. C++ is the scripting language used by the Unreal Engine, a popular game development engine. It allows you to define all functionality while creating a game. C++ is also used extensively in software development.
C++ can produce software of any nature, being somewhere in between the method-oriented and object-oriented approaches. C++ is still popular today, being ranked 4th on the TIOBE index. C++ is used extensively in system software development because it is easier than other languages. C++ is a fast language to use in sensitive areas like the OS.
C++ has probably the largest community of learners among all the languages. Students would begin their C++ algorithms courses by building linked lists, stacks, and queues. It is easy to learn and master, provided one pays attention to the details.
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Golang is slightly harder to learn than other languages in this list. Golang is also an open-source language, which means that it is constantly changing. It is important to stay updated.
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Dart is one of the fastest-growing languages within the industrial sphere. Google’s contributions in the field of languages have significantly increased in comparison to the popularity of Microsoft’s TypeScript. Programmers all over the globe love Dart for its simplicity.
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