Top 7 Programming Languages Used in Popular Websites

Top 7 Programming Languages Used in Popular Websites

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by Alex Noah — 2 weeks ago in Future 5 min. read
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These top 7 programming languages are used by most of the world’s best-known websites. Programming languages (also known as computer languages) are programs that allow programmers to communicate with computers. It’s a set of instructions in any language (C(C), C++, Java, and Python) that are used to accomplish a particular task. Programming languages are used primarily to create desktop, mobile, and web applications.

Top 7 Programming Languages Used in Popular Websites

1. JavaScript

JavaScript is the industry’s leader at this time. JavaScript was created in 1994 as a scripting language to support Netscape Navigator, one of the most popular browsers at the time. Its rapid rise to prominence has been remarkable. Google created modern JavaScript in 2008 when they developed the V8 engine for Google Chrome.

JavaScript was created to compete with Java by Netscape. However, JavaScript has gained a place in the development world. Because JavaScript is so popular, it is often referred to as the “language for the Internet”. JavaScript has a high level of support from developers, with 67.7%. JavaScript can be used for all types of development activities, including mobile app development and web development.

JavaScript offers a variety of frameworks and libraries that can be used during development. For front-end development, there are Vue, Angular, and React. Node.js, however, is a flexible language that can be used to work on the backend. Jest and Mocha allow you to set up unit testing to verify that the functionality works as expected.

You can also choose vanilla HTML, CSS, or JavaScript for the frontend, even if you don’t feel comfortable using either one. JavaScript boasts the most support packages of any language due to the immense support it receives from developers all over the globe. People continue to create more packages to make the language easier to use.
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2. Java

Java, the first language to make a significant global impact, was created in 1991 by Mike Sheridan and James Gosling. Although the new programming language was based on the same format as C/C++++, it had some new ideas that made it more attractive to more people. Java works on the principle “Write Once, Run Anywhere”, which means that Java programs can be run on any system with different hardware or OS configurations.

Java has many libraries and frameworks that use Java under the hood. Java is used to develop apps through Spring and Hibernate. JUnit allows us to set up unit testing for Java projects.

Java is used to develop native Android apps. The Android SDK itself is powered by the Java Development Kit (or the JDK). Java is the language most people learned in an introductory course to computer programming in school or college. Java is used to teach object-oriented programming to the masses.

Java is highly valued in the fields of research and analytics. Java has a few problems. There are not many support packages or projects. It doesn’t have the same level of community involvement as other mainstream languages. Java is an easy language to learn, which partly explains its popularity. It does take time to master the language.
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3. Python

Guido van Rossum, a Dutch engineer who built Python in the 1980s, was the one who created it. Python was initially created to be a rival for Java in the industry. However, it slowly gained popularity.

Python is gaining immense popularity in both the research and development community. With a score of 100, Python is at the top of IEEE Spectrum’s language rankings. Python commands respect, with a support rate of 44.1%.

Python can be used for almost anything. Django and Flask can be used to develop web pages, while Jupyter or Spyder can be used for research and analysis. Selenium is a great tool for automation!

Python’s flexibility allows it to be used almost anywhere. These are by far the most popular Python products. Python’s large support base, second only to JavaScript, produces tons of packages and frameworks as well as full-fledged open-source software that uses the language.

Python is probably the most popular language for machine learning and data science. Although there are many languages, such as R and MATLAB, Python is the most popular in the data science area.

The majority of machine learning frameworks and libraries are written in Python. This makes it the most popular language for learning about data science (or machine learning in general).

4. C++

C++ is perhaps the most surprising answer that you can find in this article. Although C++ is the language most people use to learn data structures and algorithms concepts, it has little practical application in the real world. C++ was first created in 1982 by Bjarne Stroustrup to extend the C programming language. It remained popular for many years.

C++ is used in research, analytics, and in-game development. C++ is the scripting language used by the Unreal Engine, a popular game development engine. It allows you to define all functionality while creating a game. C++ is also used extensively in software development.

C++ can produce software of any nature, being somewhere in between the method-oriented and object-oriented approaches. C++ is still popular today, being ranked 4th on the TIOBE index. C++ is used extensively in system software development because it is easier than other languages. C++ is a fast language to use in sensitive areas like the OS.

C++ has probably the largest community of learners among all the languages. Students would begin their C++ algorithms courses by building linked lists, stacks, and queues. It is easy to learn and master, provided one pays attention to the details.
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5. TypeScript

TypeScript, the superset JavaScript, has nearly the same applications and features as JavaScript. TypeScript is available for web development, mobile app, and desktop development. TypeScript is second in popularity according to StackOverflow’s list, with 67.1% of developers loving it (behind Rust).

TypeScript is primarily a language for development and does not appeal to scientists. The new features of TypeScript might encourage a greater interest in research due to their appeal. The language has a much lower skill ceiling than JavaScript – and many “difficult-to-understand” behaviors of JavaScript have been simplified in TypeScript. This means that you have a lower chance of hitting a wall with your head.

6. Golang

The emergence of new languages is a sign of things to come. New contenders are emerging to challenge Python and JavaScript. Google made both Go and JavaScript. Golang was created primarily to promote functional programming. Golang is loved by 62.3% of developers and has been named the fifth best language to learn by StackOverflow.

You can use Golang in many areas. It is used to develop robust software and backends for mobile and web applications. Golang supports basic web development. Although it is not yet ready to replace JavaScript, Golang is rapidly becoming the language for the next phase.

Golang is slightly harder to learn than other languages in this list. Golang is also an open-source language, which means that it is constantly changing. It is important to stay updated.
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7. Dart

Dart is one of the fastest-growing languages within the industrial sphere. Google’s contributions in the field of languages have significantly increased in comparison to the popularity of Microsoft’s TypeScript. Programmers all over the globe love Dart for its simplicity.

Dart is used for multi-platform app development. Dart, like JavaScript, is used to building software that can run on any electronic device. Flutter is a framework for mobile app development and the most prominent use of Dart right now. Recent Google trends show that Flutter is still more popular than React Native which is a well-established framework for mobile app development.

Dart is simpler to learn than JavaScript and manages to simplify even difficult-to-understand cases well. Programmers have many options when it comes to choosing the language they want to learn, with Dart and TypeScript both available.

Alex Noah

Alex is senior editor of The Next Tech. He studied International Communication Management at the Hague University of Applied Sciences.

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